AB 1887 Requirements
- Does AB 1887 prohibit all travel to states on the Attorney General’s list?
- What are the states that the California Attorney General Identified as Subject to the Travel Prohibition?
- How are “state funds” defined?
- What does it mean for travel to be “state funded”?
- What are the exceptions where state-funded travel will be allowed to states on the Attorney General’s list?
- What if an athletic team has committed to participate in a bowl game or other competition in an affected state?
- Does the law prohibit travel to an affected state for research purposes?
- Does the law prohibit admissions or athletics recruiters from traveling to states on the Attorney General’s list?
- Does UC have a responsibility to continue to monitor the Attorney General’s website for additional states that are added to the list of those where state-funded travel is prohibited?
- How is travel that is reimbursed after it occurred handled under this new law?
- May state funds be used for reimbursement of travel to contractors?
- May state funds be used for reimbursement of travel to recruits regarding faculty and staff appointments?
Connexxus - UC's Online Booking Portal
- Watch the video - Benefits of Connexxus
- Am I required to use Connexxus?
- Are Connexxus rates more competitive than those I can get from booking directly or shopping online?
- Can I use my personal credit card when making reservations through Connexxus?
- May I book Southwest Wanna Get Away fares through a Connexxus travel agency?
- How do I contact a Connexxus travel agency?
- Why can’t I log in to Connexxus?
- I’m a frequent traveler. Is it possible to save my information to a profile to make the booking process more efficient?
- Where can I find the FAQ page in Connexxus?
Direct Bill - Charge Airfare Directly to UC
- Watch the video - How to Create a Direct Bill ID
- How often can I use my DBID?
- How to view a previously issued Direct Bill ID:
- How to create a Direct Bill ID:
- What do you need to create a Direct Bill ID?
- Where is a DBID accepted?
- Why create a Direct Bill?
- What is a Direct Bill ID?
- Who can create a Direct Bill?
- Can I be reimbursed for extra fees charged by airlines?
- I enjoy the amenities that come with a business-class or first-class seat. Will I be reimbursed if I purchase a higher-class ticket?
- Can I rent an intermediate size car? Economy size is too small.
- Can I use a shuttle service to the airport?
- I am attending a two-day conference in San Francisco. Can I be reimbursed for a hotel room to save commuting from my home in Berkeley? I will spend the evening hours networking with colleagues.
- Can I book a bundled travel package?
- What is the maximum I can spend for meals and lodging?
- I’m going to be on travel status less than 24 hours. Which expenses are eligible for reimbursement?
- Can I use emerging market services like Uber, Lyft, AirBnB?
- I prefer to drive rather than fly. Will I be reimbursed for the mileage?
- Can I be reimbursed for extra fees charged by hotels?
- I am going on a trip for business purposes, but would like to include some personal time while I’m there. What are the guidelines for combining business and personal travel?
- Where can I see the IRS guidelines and the University of California policy?
No. AB 1887 prohibits the use of state funds to pay for travel to a state on the Attorney General’s list, except where one of the statutory exceptions applies. It does not affect travel that is paid for or reimbursed using non-state funds.
State funds have been identified by the system-wide budget office as encompassing all State General Funds and State Special Fund appropriations to a campus. This includes all of the 199XX funds except those that are classified as UC General Funds (i.e.; 199331, 19933, 19934, 19940, 19941, and 19942).
Approximately 45% of fund group 69085 assessments are from non-state funds; therefore, Fund group 69085 may be used to reimburse otherwise allowed to travel to one of these states as long as the expenditures for the travel do not exceed 55% of the location’s total 69085 fund allocation.
The statute does not define the term “state funded.” OGC has interpreted the restriction on the use of state funds to apply to direct expenditures for travel-related costs (e.g., hotel and transportation) but not to the salaries or time spent by employees who travel to one of the identified states.
The law does not apply to travel that is required for any of the following purposes:
- Enforcement of California law, including auditing and revenue collection.
- To meet contractual obligations incurred before January 1, 2017.
- To comply with requests by the federal government to appear before committees.
- To participate in meetings or training required by a grant or required to maintain grant funding.
- To complete job-required training necessary to maintain licensure or similar standards required for holding a position, in the event that comparable training cannot be obtained in California or a different state not affected by subdivision (b).
- For the protection of public health, welfare, or safety, as determined by the affected agency, department, board, authority, or commission, or by the affected legislative office.
If a contract to participate in an event was entered into before January 1, 2017, then it would be permissible to use state funds to travel to participate in a bowl game or other type of sporting competition. If the contract was entered into on or after January 1, 2017, then state funds should not be used for the travel.
If the travel is necessary to participate in meetings or training required by a grant, or required to maintain grant funding, then reimbursement with state funds is permitted. Otherwise, nonstate funds should be used to pay for or reimburse the travel expenses.
No. Non-state funds should be used to pay for the travel expenses.
Yes. UC has the responsibility to consult the list on the Attorney General’s website in order to comply with the travel and funding restrictions imposed by the law. However, UC has no obligation to make a determination about whether a state that is not included on the Attorney General list should be.
If travel occurring after January 1, 2017 does not meet one of the exceptions noted above, then it should not be reimbursed with state funds.
Yes. But not for travel expenses to or within the prohibited state if such travel reimbursement is not covered in a contract entered into prior to January 1, 2017. Reimbursement for travel from the prohibited state may be reimbursed in all instances. Travel from a prohibited state, including the return flight back, shall be construed as travel “to” the original destination.
Yes, as long as the travel expenses were not incurred for travel to and within the prohibited state. Reimbursement for travel from the prohibited state may be reimbursed in all instances. Travel from a prohibited state, including the return flight back, shall be construed as travel “to” the original destination.
No, using Connexxus is not required, though the majority of UC Berkeley’s travel is arranged through the system. UC strongly encourages using Connexxus. The benefits include:
- Helping travelers and administrative staff save time, cost, and gain efficiency
- Supporting UC in leveraging our collective travel to get the best possible value, services, and discounts
- Automatic enrollment in UC’s travel insurance program
Connexxus rates are as good or better when comparing prices at the same time for the same travel arrangements. Connexxus keeps travel costs contained by providing a wide range of booking options for airfare, car and hotel at discounted rates.
Yes. You may use your personal card.
The travel agencies can assist you with a Southwest reservation and accept a Direct Bill ID as payment. However, the Wanna Get Away fares are not available through agency reservations. To book a Wanna Get Away fare, use Southwest’s SWABIZ in Connexxus and pay with your personal credit card.
Complete contact information is available by logging in to Connexxus. Be aware that reservations made via telephone are subject to higher transaction fees.
UC Travel Center
Only UC Berkeley faculty and staff in authorized title codes can access Connexxus and Direct Bill. You can see the list of titles granted access to Connexxus/Direct Bill (PDF).
If a UC Berkeley employee is not in a qualified title code but needs access to Connexxus and Direct Bill, request access via the System Access Request Application (SARA) https://sara.berkeley.edu/ as a Travel Preparer. Once approved, the employee will be granted access to Connexxus and Direct Bill within 1 business day. Individuals who are not UC Berkeley employees (i.e., contractors, consultants, temp agency employees, students) may not be given access to Connexxus or Direct Bill.
All users must:
- be an active UC Berkeley employee
- have a valid CalNet ID;
- have a completed Berkeley directory listing that includes an email address and telephone number; to see your Berkeley directory listing (link is external), select ‘Directory’ at the top of the Berkeley home page.
Please allow 48 hours for the system to build a valid profile.
Travelers not eligible for access to Connexxus and Direct Bill should coordinate with an eligible campus employee to make guest traveler arrangements on their behalf.
Please report access problems to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Basic UC Berkeley directory information is sent to Connexxus on a daily basis.
If booking through BCD Travel, go to Connexxus and use the Connexxus profile to edit your profile.
UC Travel Center previously used this same Connexxus profile, but a system change resulted in travelers needing to update their profile in the UC Travel Center directly. To get there, go to the UC Travel Center and select Book Now > Profile.
Both systems allow travelers to edit their profiles to include:
- Emergency contacts
- Loyalty membership / frequent flyer numbers
- Authorized travel ‘arrangers’
- Passport/Visa information
The DBID should only be used once. When the expense is received from the travel agency, the DBID is marked complete in the tracking system. If the DBID is re-used for a subsequent trip, it creates manual reconciliation work.
To see previously issued DBIDs, log-in to the Direct Bill Travel system, select Departmental Functions > Manage Direct Bill IDs.
To create a Direct Bill ID, be prepared with:
- An active CalNet ID
- The business purpose for the trip
- A complete profile listing in the campus directory, which must include your work email, phone number and address
- Traveler’s name as it will appear on the airline ticket
- Expected travel dates
- Travel destination
- Complete chartstring(s) or speedtype(s) of where the cost of the airline ticket should be charged (ensure the travel complies with any funding restrictions)
The University’s two contracted travel agencies, BCD Travel and UC Travel Center, can accept a Direct Bill ID to charge airfare to UC Berkeley. Both are full service agencies with dedicated agents who can handle nearly all travel needs. You will be prompted to provide the DBID during the online booking process or when speaking with the travel agent. Contact and service fee information for the travel agencies is available through UC’s booking portal, Connexxus.
Airfare is often purchased several months in advance of a trip. Using a DBID instead of a personal credit card to purchase airline tickets eliminates the need for travelers to pay out of pocket for the airfare and wait until the trip is concluded before receiving reimbursement.
A Direct Bill ID (DBID) allows you to charge the purchase of business-related airfare directly to the University. The DBID is a unique code issued by the DBID system and associated with a particular trip. When making travel reservations using one of UC’s travel agencies, provide the DBID code so that your airfare costs are charged to your campus funding source chartstring.
Access to the Direct Bill Travel site is limited to staff and faculty in selected job titles. Employees, students or hosted guests who do not have access to the system but who have a need to travel on University business may work with their department to create a DBID on their behalf.
The IRS requires sufficient records to document that the expenses for which the university is paying are related to a legitimate activity from which the university will benefit. A good statement of business purpose for the trip will answer who, what, when, where and why. Just saying ‘research,’ ‘attend conference’ or ‘donor meeting’ is usually not sufficient. Travelers may also be asked to provide a business justification for particular expenses.
Per UC policy, expense reports must be submitted within 45 days after the end of the trip. When a trip lasts more than 90 days, a quarterly report is required. Payments of reimbursement requests submitted after 45 days may be reported as taxable income or may not be paid at all, considering the circumstances and funding sources. A trip expense report must be submitted even if no reimbursement is due the traveler (i.e., when the only expense is direct billed airfare).
Receipts are required for registration fees, airfare, lodging, and car rental expenses regardless of the amount. Approvers will review the receipts to ensure that it was actually the traveler who paid for the expense and that non-business related charges (i.e., hotel spa services, child car seat rental, etc.) are not included. Receipts are also required for any expense of $75 or more. Auditors expect to see receipts to support the payment of a business expense; if a payment is not proven to be business related, it may be disallowed and, as a result, taxable. It is always in the traveler’s best interest to keep records of expenses incurred and reimbursed.
A valid receipt will show specifics about the purchase – what was purchased, when, where, the amount, and proof of payment. Generally, the person making the purchase possesses the receipt, which substantiates who should be reimbursed. For airfare, hotel and car rental, a detailed receipt is required, (duplicate receipts can usually be obtained from the merchant) though a credit card statement may be requested as evidence of who paid for the expense. A receipt is also needed for conference registration fees and when any single expense is more than $75. If a detailed receipt is not available for these types of expenses, but the traveler’s credit card statement documents the purchase, the traveler should provide a copy of the credit card statement as proof of payment along with a written explanation in lieu of a receipt citing what was purchased, when, where, and why a receipt cannot be provided.
It’s hard to keep up with all of the ancillary fees charged by airlines these days. In general, if the service obtained with the extra fee is considered ordinary and necessary to meet a business need, then paying the fee is permitted. A business justification should be noted on the expense report. Examples: Extra baggage for research supplies; seat assignment to ensure boarding; on-board internet for connectivity to work emails; change fees for a later flight because a meeting ran late.
In keeping with UC’s policy to travel by the most reasonable and economical means, purchasing a business-class or first-class seat instead of coach/economy is usually not permitted. If you choose to purchase a higher-class seat, you should document the price for coach-class and expect to pay for the upgrade using personal funds. Policy does allow for some special circumstances that must be explained for reimbursement. Exceptions will require additional justification and approval.
- Note: With the increasingly complex classification of fare levels by airlines, it may difficult to determine what tickets are higher-class. As a general rule, if the airline labels the seat class with any variation of ‘coach’ or ‘economy’ (i.e., Premium Economy; Economy Plus) it will be permitted for reimbursement.
Yes. University policy permits renting up to an intermediate size car. If a bigger vehicle can be reserved for the same price or you receive a free upgrade, provide that explanation in your reimbursement request. If circumstances require a larger vehicle, provide the business purpose. Example: I rented a full size car to accommodate seating and luggage for myself and three colleagues, Prof. Jones, Prof. Lee, and Director Smith.
The general rule is that travelers should use the most reasonable method of transportation given the circumstances. Consider the cost of a shuttle service when compared to alternatives, such as taking a taxi or ride-share or driving a personal car and parking. Public transportation (i.e., BART, bus) may or may not be a reasonable option when factoring the cost against convenience or travel time. Determining the most reasonable method of transportation is up to the traveler and the approver. If costs appear excessive or extravagant, the reimbursement request must include the business-related justification.
While it may save time, UC policy is to reimburse only when the location is more than 40 miles from the traveler’s home or place of work, unless the overnight stay is required by the employer (i.e., an event coordinator must be onsite for late night and early morning set-up).
Often these ‘deals’ appear to be a cost savings. However, the documentation and receipts typically do not itemize what is included in the purchase price, so the ‘receipts’ are insufficient per IRS rules for substantiating the business-related nature of what is being paid for. Unless the traveler confirms with the package provider that an itemized receipt for all included expenses (airfare, hotel, car rental, etc.) will be provided, it is best to avoid purchasing a package. Insufficient documentation could result in denial of reimbursement.
As good stewards of the university’s limited resources, travelers usually are looking to spend the least amount possible. However, circumstances may arise when the traveler is concerned about exceeding a maximum – crossing a line between reasonable and extravagant. The travel policy establishes daily expense maximums based on the US Department of State’s per diem rates for a particular destination. Further limitations may be applied by funding sources or departmental budgets. Exceptions may be considered with justification, but should not be presumed. Different limits apply to trips lasting more than 30 days.
Maximum Meals & Incidentals
Continental US – 25 hours to 30 days
$62 per day
$275 per day (excluding taxes and fees)
International and off-shore US
State Dept rate
Up to 300% of State Dept rate
Generally, transportation costs to and from the event will be paid. This includes airfare, rental car, personal car mileage, tolls, and parking. Meals are not reimbursed unless there is a need for an overnight stay. Example: You take the 9:00am flight from Oakland to Orange County for an early afternoon meeting. You plan to return that same day, but all flights are canceled. You catch the first flight out of Orange County the next morning, returning home at 7:00am. Your trip was less than 24 hours, but because of the overnight stay, meals may be reimbursed.
There is no policy prohibiting the use of alternative providers. The traveler is expected to give full consideration to the costs of these services as compared to more traditional providers. If the costs are out of line with ordinary and customary comparables, the traveler may be expected to provide a business justification or be reimbursed based on the lower cost alternative.
If most people would drive the distance, then you may claim mileage with no further explanation. However, if most people would fly and you are choosing to drive for personal reasons (i.e., sightseeing, stopping off to visit friends, taking family along, etc.), you should expect to be reimbursed the lesser of mileage based on the most direct route or an amount equal to the cost of flying coach/economy with advance booking. If you are driving for business reasons (i.e., transporting large boxes of research equipment), then provide a written statement explaining the circumstances. The basic expectation is that you will get to your business destination using the most economical and reasonable method.
The university will reimburse you for mandatory fees assessed by hotels, such as a resort fee or charge for valet parking. An explanation that the fee was not discretionary should be included on the expense report.
a) It is expected that university travelers can judge when they are on business and when they are on personal time and that they will claim expenses in an honest and ethical manner.
b) When booking flights, document the cost of airfare as if you were just going for business and the cost for the extended time. You should claim reimbursement for the lesser of the two.
c) If any personal time is included, you may not charge the airfare to the university using a Direct Bill ID. You must purchase the tickets using personal funds and request reimbursement, if applicable.
d) If traveling within the U.S. and the purpose of the trip is business, but you take a side trip for pleasure, you may not be reimbursed for any expenses related to the side trip or the extended stay. If the trip is primarily personal (for example, you’re on vacation) but you attend to business while at the location, you can claim any expenses related to the business, but you cannot be reimbursed for transportation to the location.
e) When traveling internationally, a trip must meet one of the following tests in order to be defined as entirely business:
a. The traveler did not have control over arranging the trip
b. Vacation was not a major consideration
c. Travel was outside the U.S. seven consecutive days or less
d. If more than seven days, less than 25% time was spent on personal activities.
f. If the trip is ‘primarily personal,’ airfare/transportation will not be reimbursed. Only expenses for days when business was conducted will be paid.
f) If family members are traveling with you, document and claim the cost for car rental, lodging, and meals as if you were traveling alone. The university will not pay for any incremental costs associated with personal traveling companions. (Note: Different rules apply for moving/relocation)
g) Airport parking will be paid only for business-related days.
h) If taking a side trip for personal activities, document and claim the costs for the direct route related to the business purpose of the trip.